(3 July/Food Dive)

According to data from the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations, more developed countries tend to have their food waste occur at consumer level and opposed to developing countries where it tends to occur at the production level. Poor infrastructure is to blame in developing countries. However, in North America 40% of food waste is caused by something other than the consumer. The issue mainly lies with labour shortages meaning not all the produce can be harvested in time. The food wastage crisis in the country has led to a secondary market for some of the produce such as unwanted tomatoes being turned into tomato sauce, but the issue is that not all produce is able to have this opportunity as there purely is no demand for it. In a report by ReFed, it is estimated that the U.S. spends approximately $218 billion to grow, process and transport and dispose of food that is never eaten. The report also said that retailers account for 8 billion tonnes of food waste in North America.